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Art Education Research

May 30, 2013

I collected some research about how creative and performing arts is educated in schools, and why it is considered so important. 
Website 1:

  • Many may believe that arts education in schools today is unnecessary as there is so much money involved in getting a proper education
  • Art education can help a student gain self confidence in their natural abilities
  • This can lead to emotional, social development and academic achievement through “an increased sense of concentration”
  • Art education is also important for the student to learn about many different subjects, making it easier for them later in life when deciding on what they want to specialize in.
  • Motivation, inspiration, and concentration are the most recorded benefits of students taking art education have been observed to have gained.
  • Art can help change the way one looks at the world and have an open mind, which is one of the most important things in life and one of the main goals in education.
  • “Another point to make here is that a child whose parents belong to the high income group of people will naturally and very often be exposed to art, whether it is in the form of art pieces hanging at home or visits to fashionable art museums etc. This is an observation that has again been made over the years by researchers, and at the same time it has been noticed that exposure to art is something that is very distant for children who belong to families of the lower income group and they end up spending their childhood without forming any connection with art.”
  • Art education goals should be that each student gets an equal chance to be exposed to different forms of art.

The reality:

  • Art education goals have been becoming less important for more than twenty years now as people do not recognize the importance and effect the arts has on their children.
  • The reaons for this could be stressfuk budgets, as well as stuffing of curriculum in classrooms as part of State mandates.


Website 2:

What are the benefits of arts education? 

Benefits of Arts Education
Source: Americans for the Arts, 2002

  • Stimulates and develops the imagination and critical thinking, and refines cognitive and creative skills.
  • Has a great impact on the developmental growth of students and helps level the “learning field” across socio-economic boundaries.
  • Strengthens problem-solving and critical-thinking skills, adding to overall academic achievement and school success.
  • Develops a sense of craftsmanship, quality task performance, and goal-setting—skills needed to succeed in the classroom and beyond.
  • Teaches children life skills such as developing an informed perception; articulating a vision; building self-confidence and self-discipline; developing the ability to imagine what might be; and accepting responsibility to complete tasks from start to finish.
  • Increases team-building skills; respecting alternative viewpoints and opinions, therefore being more open-minded; and appreciating and being aware of different cultures and traditions.

Source: Young Children and the Arts: Making Creative Connections, 1998, Introduction

  • “Plays a central role in cognitive, motor, language, and social-emotional development.
  • Motivates and engages children in learning, stimulates memory, facilitates understanding, enhances symbolic communication, promotes relationships, and provides an avenue for building competence.
  • Provides a natural source of learning. Child development specialists note that play is the business of young children; play is the way children promote and enhance their development. The arts are a most natural vehicle for play.”


Adults Agree on Importance of Arts Education 
Source: Americans for the Arts national public opinion survey, January 2001

  • Ninety-one percent of respondents believe the arts are vital to a well-rounded education.
  • Ninety-five percent of respondents believe the arts teach intangibles such as creativity, self-expression, and individualism.
  • Seventy-six percent of respondents somewhat or strongly agree that arts education is important enough to get personally involved. However, just thirty-five percent of those who are closely involved in the life of a child have done so.
  • Sixty-seven percent say they do not know how to get involved.
  • Eighty-nine percent of respondents believe that arts education is important enough that schools should find the money to ensure inclusion in the curriculum.
  • Ninety-six percent agree the arts belong to everyone, not just the fortunate or privileged.

What are the social and academic impacts of art education?

“One of the great aims of education is to make it possible for people to be engaged in the process of creating themselves. Artists and scientists are alike in this respect.”

“Arts curricula is typically process-driven and relationship based, so its impact on academic performance is often underestimated and undervalued. The arts provide a logical counterbalance to the trend of standardized testing and should not be marginalized just because the curriculum is more difficult to measure.”

“The arts can play a crucial role in improving students’ abilities to learn, because they draw on a range of intelligences and learning styles, not just the linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences upon which most schools are based.” (Eloquent Evidence: Arts at the Core of Learning, President’s Committee on the Arts and Humanities, talking about Howard Gardener’s Theory of Multiple Intelligences, 1995)


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